First ban on shark and manta ray trade comes into force
Trade of sharks is to be regulated from now on. Without a permit confirming that these sharks have been harvested legally and sustainably, the sale of their meat or fins will be banned. The regulation was agreed last year at a meeting of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (Cites) in Thailand.
The rules also apply to manta rays. Shark numbers have been under severe pressure in recent years as the numbers killed for their fins soared. Scientific estimates put the number at about 100m a year, with demand driven by the fin soup trade in Hong Kong and China. Campaigners have been seeking to stop the unregulated trade in sharks since the 1990s but it was only at the Cites meeting in Bangkok last year that they finally managed to achieve sufficient votes to drive through the ban.
From Sunday, the oceanic whitetip, the porbeagle and three varieties of hammerhead will be elevated to Appendix II of the Cites code, which means that traders must have permits and certificates.