Social Media Sidebar

Announcement

Please sign up, comment on articles and bring your friends!

Current poll

PlanetTech is asking:

What do you think about our new web site?

Love it, indeed
Really good solution
Same as old one
The old one was better
This is a new option

Quote of the day

'By far the greatest danger of Artificial Intelligence is that people conclude too early that they understand it'

 

Eliezer Yudkowsky

How memory formation is triggered by stem cells

RATE THIS! +1
Posted in Science on 29th Feb, 2012 05:49 PM by APM

Researchers at the RIKEN-MIT Center for Neural Circuit Genetics have discovered an answer to the long-standing mystery of how brain cells can remember new memories while also maintaining older ones.

 

They found that specific neurons in a brain region called the dentate gyrus serve distinct roles in memory formation depending on whether the neural stem cells that produced them were of old or young.

 

The study links the cellular basis of memory formation to the birth of new neurons, a finding that could unlock a new class of drug targets to treat memory disorders. The findings also suggest that an imbalance between young and old neurons in the brain could disrupt normal memory formation during post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and aging.

 

The researchers tested mice in two types of memory processes: pattern separation (the process by which the brain distinguishes differences between similar events) and pattern completion (recalling detailed content of memories based on limited clues). Pattern separation forms distinct new memories based on differences between experiences; pattern completion retrieves memories by detecting similarities.

 

The researchers found that young neurons are required for pattern separation, while old neurons are required for pattern completion.

 

Individuals with brain injury or trauma (deficient in old neurons) may be unable to recall people they see every day. Others with PTSD are unable to forget terrible events (deficient in young neurons).

 



Read original article » Back to category

Comments



 

Recent headlines

  • Posted in Business on 2017-03-26 19:56:28
    The U.S. will be hit worse by job automation than other.....read more
    Posted in Business on 2017-03-26 19:49:51
    Elon Musk says Tesla will start taking orders for Solar.....read more
    Posted in Science on 2017-03-26 19:39:27
    Impact crater linked to Martian tsunamis..read more
    Posted in Software on 2017-03-25 14:13:38
    Google Develops A Deep Learning Machine That Could Learn.....read more
    Posted in Medicine on 2017-03-25 14:26:25
    Google’s Calico partners with new biotech firm to.....read more
Posted in Business on 2013-10-10 01:33
China is working towards a manned lunar mission in about.....read more
Posted in Business on 2013-10-20 07:17
Spacex says China is their main competitor for commercial.....read more
Posted in Software on 2013-10-20 06:43
Pirate Bay Browser Clocks 1,000,000 Downloads..read more
Posted in Medicine on 2013-10-10 02:10
Google reportedly investing hundreds of millions into new.....read more
Posted in Medicine on 2013-10-14 03:13
Endothelial Cells Can Repair and Regenerate Organs,.....read more
Posted in Science on 01.01.2010
Spacex says China is their main competitor for commercial.....read more
Posted in Science on 01.01.2010
Staring at Your Phone Could Be Making You Short Sighted..read more
Posted in Science on 01.01.2010
Oculus Rift virtual reality headset coming to mobile, but.....read more
Posted in Science on 01.01.2010
China is working towards a manned lunar mission in about.....read more
Posted in Science on 01.01.2010
Delivering drugs via nanoparticles to target mitochondria..read more

Recent Blog Posts

  • Posted by AlexMuller
    Intensive medical treatment can reverse type 2 diabetes..read more
    Posted by AlexMuller
    Daily consumption of tea protects the elderly from cognitive.....read more
    Posted by AlexMuller
    New analysis method of metabolites accurately predicts whether.....read more
    Posted by AlexMuller
    Unproven stem cell 'therapy' blinds three patients at Florida.....read more
    Posted by AlexMuller
    Indigenous South American group has healthiest arteries of all.....read more

Login to your Account

Login to your PlanetTech Account here

Username:
Password:
Remember me
or

Create a New Account

You just need username and password

The following errors occured:
Username:
Email:
Password:
Verify password:
Remember me