MRSA: Hospital superbug 'shared with pets'
Pets can harbour the hospital superbug MRSA and it can pass between pets and their owners, research suggests. Cats and dogs have the same strain of the bacterium as people, genetic tests show. MRSA may spread between animals at veterinary clinics in a similar way to hospital infections, according to scientists at Cambridge University.
But they say pet owners should not worry as there is very little risk of them getting ill from their pets. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is commonly carried on the skin of healthy people and humans, where it often causes no symptoms. However, it can lead to an infection, particularly when it gets into a wound.
Figures suggest about one in 100 cats and 2% to 9% of dogs in the UK are carriers of MRSA. It has also been found in horses. Scientists at the University of Cambridge sequenced the bacterial genomes of samples of MRSA from 42 dogs and four cats.
They compared the animal samples to a global collection of human ones. They found the animal strain belonged to the same family as the human form of MRSA found in hospitals. Dr Mark Holmes, senior lecturer in preventative veterinary medicine at the University of Cambridge, said the study showed humans and pets could exchange and share MRSA. "They pass it backwards and forwards - they are a reservoir of infection," he told the BBC.