Social Media Sidebar

Announcement

Please sign up, comment on articles and bring your friends!

Current poll

PlanetTech is asking:

What do you think about our new web site?

Love it, indeed
Really good solution
Same as old one
The old one was better
This is a new option

Quote of the day

People say we're running out of energy. That's only true if we stick with these old 19th century technologies. We are awash in energy from sunlight.

 

Ray Kurzweil

 

Pulsed laser light turns whole-brain activity on and off

RATE THIS! +34
Posted in Science on 19th Dec, 2015 07:57 PM by AlexMuller

By flashing high-frequency lasers at the brain’s thalamus, scientists were able to wake up sleeping rats and cause widespread brain activity. In contrast, flashing the laser at 10 pulses per second suppressed the activity of the brain’s sensory cortex and caused rats to enter a state of unconsciousness.

 
“We hope to use this knowledge to develop better treatments for brain injuries and other neurological disorders,” said Jin Hyung Lee, Ph.D., assistant professor of neurology, neurosurgery, and bioengineering at Stanford University, and a senior author of the study, published in the open-access journal eLIFE.
 
Located deep inside the brain, the thalamus regulates arousal, acting as a relay station to the cortex for neural signals from the body. Damage to neurons in the central part of the thalamus may lead to problems with sleep, attention, and memory.*
 
The observations used a combination of optogenetics and whole-brain functional MRI (fMRI), known as “ofMRI”, to detect overall effects on the brain, along with EEG and single-unit cell recordings.
 
The researchers noted in the paper that “using targeted, temporally precise optogenetic stimulation in the current study allowed us to selectively excite a single group of neuronal elements and identify their specific role in creating distinct modes of network function.” That could not be achieved with conventional electrode stimulation, the researchers say.
 
They explain that this method may allow for direct-brain stimulation (DBS) therapeutic methods to be optimized in the clinic “for a wide range of neurological disorders that currently lack such treatment.”
 
“This study takes a big step towards understanding the brain circuitry that controls sleep and arousal,” Yejun (Janet) He, Ph.D., program director at NIH’s National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), which partially funded the study.

Tags: brainneuroscienceresearchbiologyneuronsmedicine

Read original article » Back to category

Comments

Author: Guest
Posted: 2015-12-20
+1
It is possible that flashing high-frequency lasers at the brain’s thalamus can work on humans and by further development of these methods provide new avenues for treatment - more experiments are needed first
1 Replies
Author: Guest
Posted: 2015-12-20
+0
Yes, this is an advance compared with treatments by conventional electrode stimulation Reply
Reply


 

Recent headlines

  • Posted in Medicine on 2017-08-21 19:26:00
    Darmiyan’s software detects early stages of Alzheimer’s..read more
    Posted in Business on 2017-08-21 19:20:53
    Google needs to pay Apple a fortune to remain the default.....read more
    Posted in Medicine on 2017-08-21 19:15:22
    Artificial Intelligence beats doctors at diagnosing.....read more
    Posted in Science on 2017-08-20 16:55:58
    Computer Approaches Human Skill for First Time in Mapping.....read more
    Posted in Science on 2017-08-20 16:51:23
    Researchers use polystyrene to make next-generation of.....read more
Posted in Business on 2013-10-10 01:33
China is working towards a manned lunar mission in about.....read more
Posted in Business on 2013-10-20 07:17
Spacex says China is their main competitor for commercial.....read more
Posted in Software on 2013-10-20 06:43
Pirate Bay Browser Clocks 1,000,000 Downloads..read more
Posted in Medicine on 2013-10-10 02:10
Google reportedly investing hundreds of millions into new.....read more
Posted in Medicine on 2013-10-14 03:13
Endothelial Cells Can Repair and Regenerate Organs,.....read more
Posted in Science on 01.01.2010
Spacex says China is their main competitor for commercial.....read more
Posted in Science on 01.01.2010
Staring at Your Phone Could Be Making You Short Sighted..read more
Posted in Science on 01.01.2010
Oculus Rift virtual reality headset coming to mobile, but.....read more
Posted in Science on 01.01.2010
China is working towards a manned lunar mission in about.....read more
Posted in Science on 01.01.2010
Delivering drugs via nanoparticles to target mitochondria..read more

Recent Blog Posts

  • Posted by AlexMuller
    Scientists probe Neptune's depths to reveal secrets of icy.....read more
    Posted by AlexMuller
    New terahertz imaging approach could speed up skin cancer.....read more
    Posted by AlexMuller
    Rebutting the claim that antidepressants do not work..read more
    Posted by AlexMuller
    Artificial neural networks decode brain activity during.....read more
    Posted by AlexMuller
    Four Earth-sized planets detected orbiting the nearest.....read more

Login to your Account

Login to your PlanetTech Account here

Username:
Password:
Remember me
or

Create a New Account

You just need username and password

The following errors occured:
Username:
Email:
Password:
Verify password:
Remember me