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Robots with Insect Brains: Learning to Navigate Guided by External Stimuli

RATE THIS! +33
Posted in Science on 7th Feb, 2014 05:13 AM by AlexMuller

Researchers have developed a robot that perceives environmental stimuli and learns to react to them. The scientists used the relatively simple nervous system of the honeybee as a model for its working principles. To this end, they installed a camera on a small robotic vehicle and connected it to a computer.

 

The computer program replicated in a simplified way the sensorimotor network of the insect brain. The input data came from the camera that, akin to an eye, received and projected visual information. The neural network, in turn, operated the motors of the robot wheels, and could thus control its motion direction.

 
The outstanding feature of this artifical mini brain is its ability to learn by simple principles. "The network-controlled robot is able to link certain external stimuli with behavioral rules," says Professor Martin Paul Nawrot, head of the research team and professor of neuroscience at Freie Universität Berlin. "Much like honeybees learn to associate certain flower colors with tasty nectar, the robot learns to approach certain colored objects and to avoid others."
 
In the learning experiment, the scientists located the network-controlled robot in the center of a small arena. Red and blue objects were installed on the walls. Once the robot's camera focused on an object with the desired color-red, for instance-, the scientists triggered a light flash. This signal activated a so-called reward sensor nerve cell in the artificial network.
 
The simultaneous processing of red color and the reward now led to specific changes in those parts of the network, which exercised control over the robot wheels. As a consequence, when the robot "saw" another red object, it started to move toward it. Blue items, in contrast, made it move backwards. "Just within seconds, the robot accomplishes the task to find an object in the desired color and to approach it," explains Nawrot. "Only a single learning trial is needed, similar to experimental observations in honeybees."

Tags: robotroboticsinsectbeebrain

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Comments

Author: Guest
Posted: 2014-02-07
+2
Great collaboration between neuroscientists and AI. This mini AI brain looks remarkable and will even learn more and develop further
3 Replies
Author: Guest
Posted: 2014-02-07
+1
Yes, the scientists are now planning to expand their neural network by supplementing more learning principles. The mini brain will become even more powerful-and the robot more autonomous. Reply
Author: Guest
Posted: 2014-02-07
+0
It is a difficult task. To train artificial neural networks, researchers start by feeding them data. The neurons let investigators know when they have solved a given problem, such as correctly identifying a letter or digit. And work goes on Reply
Reply
Author: Guest
Posted: 2014-02-07
+0
Brains are the most powerful computers known. Even this mimic of insects’ nervous systems is very impressive! Reply
Author: Guest
Posted: 2014-02-07
+2
It is great to see good results is this area. Attempts to recreate how the brain works are nothing new. Computing principles underlying how the organ operates have inspired computer programmes for a long time and we see now more and more progress Reply


 

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