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'By far the greatest danger of Artificial Intelligence is that people conclude too early that they understand it'

 

Eliezer Yudkowsky

Talking therapy 'as effective as antidepressants' study finds

RATE THIS! +46
Posted in Science on 11th Dec, 2015 05:26 PM by AlexMuller

Research compared antidepressants such as fluoxetine, with cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), a type of talking therapy aimed at helping people change unhelpful ways of thinking. It found both treatments worked more or less equally well for the initial treatment of people with moderate to severe depression.

 

The review included 11 studies, with a total of 1,511 patients. It found that people treated with antidepressants and people treated with CBT were equally likely to respond to treatment (risk ratio (RR) for antidepressants 0.91, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.77 to 1.07) and to get better (RR for antidepressants 0.98, 95% CI 0.73 to 1.32). They had similar improvements on a questionnaire designed to measure symptoms of depression.
 
More people taking antidepressants dropped out of studies because of side effects from treatment, but the numbers were small enough that this could have been a coincidence.
 
The researchers found no difference in results between people taking antidepressants alone, and those treated with antidepressants plus CBT. They didn't find any studies that compared CBT alone versus CBT plus antidepressants.
 
The researchers said their results should be interpreted "cautiously" because of the overall quality of the evidence. However, they conclude: "Given that the benefits of second generation antidepressants and cognitive behavioural therapy do not seem to differ significantly … and that primary care patients may have personal preferences … both treatments should be made accessible, either alone or in combination."

Tags: depressionantidepressanttherapyhealthmental healthpsychology

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Comments

Author: Guest
Posted: 2015-12-12
+1
It is important that patients are aware about different options and have access to them. This requires considerable funding not just to cover the cost of treatments but to train staff for cognitive behavioural therapy
1 Replies
Author: Guest
Posted: 2015-12-12
+0
Yes, one would expect that in contrast to medication, the quality of cognitive behavioural therapy could be very variable, depending on experience and individual interactions Reply
Reply


 

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